Do I Need Bio Balls?

What can I use instead of bio balls?

A better replacement would be a sand bed or porous rock.

Those two substitutes would not only provide a lot of surface area but they would also have a anaerobic (oxygen free) area deep within that will allow the last stage of the nitrifying bacteria to convert nitrAtes into harmless nitrogen gas..

Is lava rock a good filter media?

Lava rock – the igneous rock that forms as an erupting volcano’s molten lava cools and hardens – is very porous. When chunks of it live in your filtration system, you provide a lot of surface area for beneficial bacteria to colonize and grow. That’s what makes it such a great filter media.

Can you have too much bio media?

Can you have too much bio media? Yes, especially in a planted tank where the plants are doing a lot of the bio filtration. The excess volume of bio media may take up the space in the filter that could be better used by more mechanical media.

How long does it take for bacteria to grow on bio balls?

Active Member. Two weeks should be enough time for bacteria to grow on them. That’s if the tank is fully established.

How often should you change ceramic media?

Replacing some of the media every year or so can help to keep the filtration efficiency. Never replace more than 1/3rd of your media at one time and wait at least a month before replacing any more.

How do you install a bio filter?

Steps in starting a biofilterPrepare the water chemistry of the system before introducing either nitrifying bacteria or animal stock. The system should be operating and passing water through the biofilter. … Provide alkalinity, a carbon source. … Adjust pH if necessary.

What is the purpose of bio balls?

They are typically used in fish tank and fish pond filters to transform potentially harmful ammonia into benign nitrates. Bio balls work best as wet-dry filters, with moving water passing over them. This allows more oxygen into the tubing, feeding the growth of the beneficial bacteria inside the balls.

How many bio balls do I need?

A general rule of thumb is 2.2 gallons of bio balls per 100 gallons of water. Bio balls are available in a range of sizes to fit different types of filters – you will be able to fit more small bio balls in the same-sized filter than you will large ones.

What is the best bio media?

Fluval BioMax Bio Rings are the best example on the market. Their internal porous system, like the Seachem Matrix BioMedia (see below), help more bacteria to grow than smooth biofilter media do. The ring shape allows for water to flow through the biofilter media.

Should I use bio balls in a reef tank?

Many hobbyists found some success with Bio Balls because they regularly cleaned them to ensure detritus was not becoming trapped in the balls, then breaking down and releasing Ammonia, Phosphates, and Nitrates. Earlier I mentioned that Bio Balls provide a great environment for Aerobic Nitrifying Bacteria.

Do bio balls cause nitrates?

Member. bioballs and external filters do not cause nitrates as such. It is caused by the filtration cycle whereby fish food and waste break down releasing ammonia which is consumed by aerobic bacteria and converted into nitrite and then nitrate.

Does lava rock remove nitrates?

Within this anerobic environment inside the rock, denitrifying bacteria consume the nitrate and produce oxygen and nitrogen. We all know how nitrate in the aquarium is bad news for fish and shrimp so Lava Rock really is the most natural and best way of removing nitrate.

Do you need to replace bio balls?

They simply provide a foundation for the helpful bacteria to cling to. In fact replacing them would remove a huge amount of good bacteria that you need. Carbon on the other hand needs replaced.

Which is better bio balls or ceramic rings?

Bio balls only eradicate nitrifying bacteria, while ceramic noodles can do both. … Ceramic rings basically increase their surface over time. This happens because they have small pores that aren’t visible to the human eye.

How long does bio media last?

Now the Activated Carbon should be changed for fresh every 3 weeks. After 3 to 4 weeks the Activated Carbon looses its effectiveness. I have some filter media that is over 10 years old now in another type of filter.

Do bio balls float?

Depending on your application floating bioballs may be fine. We have a 700G tank and require sinking bioballs, therefore we use the Laguna ones Which Indeed DO SINK. and DO NOT FLOAT.

Does lava rock affect pH aquarium?

The lava rock is red due to the iron in it. It has no calcuim so it will have no affect on your ph.