Question: What Are The Main Factors That Affect Earth’S Climate?

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

The global climate system and any changes that occur within it also influence local climate..

What natural factors affect climate?

The earth’s climate is influenced and changed through natural causes like volcanic eruptions, ocean currents, the Earth’s orbital changes, solar variations and internal variability.

What controls the Earth’s climate?

Water vapor and clouds are the major contributors to Earth’s greenhouse effect, but a new atmosphere-ocean climate modeling study shows that the planet’s temperature ultimately depends on the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide.

What are the 6 major factors that affect climate?

LOWERN is an acronym for 6 factors that affect climate.Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. … Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. … Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. … Elevation. … Relief. … Nearness to water.

What are the 4 main factors that affect Earth’s temperature?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are 3 major factors that influence on Earth’s overall climate?

Factors that Influence ClimateElevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. … Prevailing global wind patterns. There are 3 major wind patterns found in the Northern Hemisphere and also 3 in the Southern Hemisphere. … Topography. … Effects of Geography. … Surface of the Earth. … Climate change over time.

What are the 2 main factors that affect climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.

What factors affect weather and climate?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance from the ocean or sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current.

How do the oceans affect climate?

The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …

What factors affect weather?

Weather can be defined as the condition of the atmosphere at any given time and place. Weather conditions are determined by six major factors: air temperature, air pressure, humidity of the air, amount and kind of cloud cover, amount and kind of precipitation, and speed and direction of the wind.